In Japan, there was a marriage system since ancient times, but weddings never happened.
In ancient Japan, couples did not live together, but took the form of “wife wives” where men attend women's houses.
It's now common to invite friends and family to hold weddings and live together after marriage.
When did you start weddings like now?
In this article, we will introduce the history of weddings, such as when weddings began and how they changed over time.
Begins in the Nara period
The wedding history is surprisingly short.Nara periodIt is said that it started in
The man went to the woman and was treated by a woman's family on the 3 day.
This casket is called “Mikatsuen” and means that the man becomes a member of the family.
This is the beginning of the wedding.
Spreading among the farmers in the Nara periodAlso popular among nobles and other high-ranking peopleIt came to do.
In ancient Japan, it was common to shave.
This ritual continued until the Heian period.
In the Kamakura period, women have entered men's homes since the entrance of men into women's homes.
During the Kamakura period, men became more powerful, so male families became mainstream.
Married to the literature,taking a wifeWill be left behind.
At that time, I was able to have my wife up to 3 people and the age was not set.
Muromachi period-Azuchi Momoyama period
In the Muromachi period, political marriages increased, and marriage was ritualized as a link between homes.
It is customary for weddings during this period that the bride rides on a kite and heads to the bridegroom's house and brings the dog papier box together.
This box contains the wishes of prolific production.
When we get to the nephew's houseShiki Sansen, which pours sake three times in a bowlto hold.
First, the bride speaks to the sake, and then the niece drinks the coffee.
This ceremonial ceremony is performed only by 2 couples, and the costumes are also determined to be white, and the color will be changed on the night of the 2 day.
At this time, he wears the red and blue costumes prepared at his house,The bride can meet her nephew's family after the color change.
This method was carried out until the Azuchi-Momoyama period.
From the bride's house in the Azuchi-Momoyama periodOfferings such as armor and armorIs now handed over to the nephew's house.
In the Edo periodMatchmaker systemWill be born.
It was also during this period that matchmakers began to meet each other.
In the Edo period, the idea of linking homes and houses became stronger, and it was also carried out.
Before getting married, a gift and an inventory were given from the nephew's house to the bride's house.
It was customary to send a gift from the bride's house in return.
Weddings during the Edo period夜Is done.
The ceremony will be held at the cocoon house, and the room for celebrating will be laid with white silk and decorated with birds and eagle figurines to welcome the bride.
The bride goes to the bridegroom's house with her marriage tools such as three shelves, stationery, makeup tools, tea, flowers, incense tools, cooking tools, sewing tools, kimono, brazier, and tea tools.
Put a dog dog or guardian sword on the waist where the bride rides.
そ し て,Ceremonies and banquets will be held by 2 people.
At first, she wears a white robe, but when the color is changed, the bride changes into a colored kimono, and the bridegroom changes into a straight, large crest, elemental dress, and so on.
Nevertheless, until this era, there was no word or concept of "wedding," and these customs seemed to be a ceremony for weddings.
From the Edo era to the Meiji era, three things were set up as brides' tools, a bride's wedding, and a congratulation to their relatives.
Changes will appear in the venue during the Meiji era.
It was from this era that the Shinto ceremony was born. Surprisingly, you can see that the history is not old.
Until now, wedding ceremonies were held at home, but the wedding of the royal family was held for the first time at Hibiya Daijingu, Tokyo, on July 30, 7.
According to one theory, it was born after being criticized by foreign countries for having no wedding ceremony. In the first place, the way of thinking differs between Christian culture and polytheistic Japan.
In Christianity, weddings are held only in the sense of a contract with God, but Japan is polytheistic with eight million gods. Not surprisingly, there was no concept of a covenant with God.
However, this has triggered Japan to know that there is a wedding ceremony, and it is said that the first ceremony was performed with a groping style while referring to a Christian wedding ceremony.
The royal wedding was held as a god's ceremony, and it was immediately known throughout the country via newspapers.
Using this as an opportunity to give a ceremony at a shrine,Forms where relatives and acquaintances participate in the ceremony will spread.
In the Taisho era, Western culture spreads and romance marriages increase.
Around this time, there were fewer events at home,Mainly held at shrinesbecame.
Also, banquets will be held at the hotel.
From before the war to the end of the war
In Japan before the war, marriageMarriage between homesIt was common for parents to prepare.
Bride parents wish for happiness of bride and perform a luxurious and fine wedding ceremony, but it was thought that it was connected to a happy marriage / happy bride and expressed love expression from parents.
Many people think that old weddings were simple and modest,Actually, it took 3 to 7 days for the right of the wedding.It is
Japan entered the pre-war regime at the time of the war, and the law stipulated that weddings should be done in many ways.
At the end of the war, weddings are no longer restricted by law, but there are no items or money to gorgeously wedding,There were many families who could only enroll without a weddingIt is
Also, there was no ambition to get married in a gorgeous mood in the absence of anxiety about not knowing what will happen to Japan in the future.
After the war, not only swearing marriage in front of God,Public marriageHas also spread.
A public marriage is a wedding where all participating guests can be witnesses instead of making a vow to the gods and Buddha. You can freely decide the ceremony hall and production without worrying about religion or formality.
・ We want to have a wedding while having fun with our guests
・ We want to hold a wedding regardless of religion
For these reasons, the number of couples choosing a public ceremony has greatly increased, and it is still continuing today.
In particular, the gorgeous ceremony became a boom after actors Yujiro Ishihara and Mie Kitahara performed a gorgeous ceremony in Showa 35.
As the Japanese economy went up, it changed to something enjoyable for attendees.
Today, the form of the expression has also diversified,The ceremony is held in the form desired by the bridegroom and brideIt came to be like that.
The bride and groom can decide on the location, the number of guests, the contents of the dish, etc. while discussing with relatives, etc. The production during the ceremony is also particular.